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DDT FOR HEAVY VEHICLE

Defensive Driving Training Heavy Vehicle

  • In order to develop safety-driving environment and reduce accident due to negligence, ignorance or incapability of the driver and rider which impacted to increase number of accident and lost of working hours, we hereby would like to introduce our DDT For Truck and Bus training program. 
The curriculum standards of this course incorporate the curricular recommendations of the Indonesia Department of Transportation’s . The curriculum standards represent the minimum training elements that a commercial motor vehicle driver-training course should contain, and against which any such course may be judged.  The curriculum uses also meets the three sets of standards for the Professional Truck Drivers. : skill standards;  curriculum standards and guidelines; and standards and requirements for course certification.  
  1. Orientation.  The purpose of this section is to introduce the student to the trucking industry and present the concepts of industry regulation and the professional driver a. Objectives At the end of this section, the student should know/understand: i. The Importance of the Trucking Industry ii. The Importance of Compliance with Applicable Regulations iii. Procedure for Obtaining a CDL iv. The Driver Qualifications They are Subject to in the Industry v. The Commercial Motor Vehicle 
  2. Control Systems The purpose of this section is to introduce students to the controls and instruments found on a commercial motor vehicle. Stress the importance of understanding the function of all of the vehicle’s controls and instruments prior to operating the vehicle. a. Objectives At the end of this section, students should have the basic understanding of the name, location, and function of the vehicles controls and systems. The student should be able to: i. Describe the engine controls as well as the primary and secondary vehicle controls ii. Identify and describe the controls for starting the engine, shifting, accelerating, braking, and parking iii. Explain the acceptable operating range for oil, coolant, and electrical systems iv. Identify and describe all vehicle instruments and their purpose.
  3. Vehicle Systems The purpose of this section is to introduce the student to the design of a tractor-trailer and the vehicle’s key systems and parts. a. Objectives Upon completion of this section the student will have basic understanding of the vehicle construction and systems including: i. Suspension Systems ii. Axles iii. Engine iv. Fuel System v. Air Intake and Exhaust System vi. Lubrication System vii. Cooling System viii. Electrical System ix. Drive Train x. Brake System xi. Wheels and Tires xii. Steering System xiii. Coupling System 
  4. Vehicle Inspection In this section the student will learn the importance of conducting appropriate and systematic vehicle inspections. a. Objectives At the end of this section the student should know and understand: i. How to use systematic procedure to conduct accurate and efficient vehicle inspection ii. How to identify damaged, loose, or missing parts iii. How to recognize and report system defects iv. Why an undiscovered malfunction or vehicle problem can be unsafe and costly v. The importance of having malfunctions corrected quickly vi. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR) regarding vehicle inspections vii. Procedures for performing Post trip inspections 
  5. Basic Control In this section the student will learn how to safely preform the basic control maneuvers. These skills are the foundation that the student will build upon throughout the course. These skills and habits will be practiced throughout the course. a. Objectives By the end of this section, the student will know and understand the following: i. How to start, warm up, and shut down the engine ii. How to putt vehicle in motion and how to stop the vehicle iii. Proper straight line backing technique iv. Proper turning technique 
  6. Shifting This section will teach students shifting patterns, and procedures so they can efficiently perform gear shifting maneuvers. a. Objectives At the end of this section, the student should be able to: i. Shift up and down through the gears of a variety of types of conventional transmissions. ii. Double clutch and time shifts, allowing for a smooth and fuel efficient performance iii. Select proper gear for speed and highway conditions Students should also know and understand: i. Shifting procedures for transmissions ii. The instruments and controls used to properly shift gears iii. The shift patterns for the major types of conventional transmissions 
  7. Backing,  In this section, students learn to execute on of the most difficult maneuvers in trucking, backing a tractor-trailer unit. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this section a student should know and understand: b. The basic principles of steering a tractor-trailer c. The basic rules for safe backing d. The basic backing maneuvers including straight line and alley dock backing e. The basic parking maneuvers including parallel parking 
  8. Coupling and Uncoupling In this section the step-by-step procedures used to couple and uncouple the most standard tractor-trailer combination units. a. Objectives At the end of this section students should be able to safely and efficiently couple and uncouple a tractor-trailer and double trailers. The student should know the following: i. The step-by-step procedures for proper coupling and uncoupling of tractor-trailer combinations, including: selecting a site, aligning the tractor, securing the trailer against movement, connecting and disconnecting air and electrical lines, setting air brake controls, backing the tractor onto the kingpin, and retracting and extending the landing gear ii. The special procedures and consideration when coupling and uncoupling tractor and double trailer combinations iii. How to perform mechanical and visual checks to make sure coupling is secure iv. The hazards of careless or improper coupling and uncoupling and how to avoid them v. That accidents caused by improper coupling and uncoupling are always preventable 
  9. Visual Search The purpose of this section is to introduce the student to the skills needed to perform a safe and effective visual search while on the road. a. Objectives By the end of this section, student should know and understand the following: i. The basics of seeing ahead and to the sides, including the importance of scanning at least 12 seconds ahead of the vehicle ii. The two types of mirrors found on most tractors and the proper use of those mirrors iii. The basics of seeing to the rear 
  10. Communication The purpose of this section is to introduce the student to the basic principles of communication. This includes the appropriate processes and procedures a professional driver should follow when communication to others. Also, the student should have the basic understanding of cues other drivers give when communicating their intentions. a. Objectives At the end of this section, the student should know and understand: i. The basics of communicating intent, including the appropriate use of turn signals and means used to indicate the vehicle is slowing down ii. The appropriate methods of communicating presence iii. The subtle signs and cues given by other drivers when communicating their intentions 
  11. Speed Management This section introduces the student to the importance of speed management when it comes to safely operating a tractor-trailer. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this section the student should know the following: i. The science of speed and stopping distance ii. The role surface conditions play in speed management iii. The importance of adjusting speed for curves and grades iv. The relationship between speed and visibility v. The influence of speed on traffic management vi. The how and why of obeying the speed limit 
  12. Space Management The purpose of this section is to show the student the importance of space management when it comes to safely operating a tractor-trailer. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this section, the student should know the following: i. The importance of space management ii. The concept of maintaining an appropriate cushion of space iii. Space management when executing a turn 
  13. Night Driving In this section the students will be introduced to the unique challenges of night driving and the changes in general procedures (communication, speed and space management, etc.) a driver must make when driving under the cover of darkness. a. Objectives At the end of this section the student should know and understand the following: i. The factors that affect night driving, including driver, roadway, and vehicle factors ii. The procedures that a driver must follow to prepare for the challenges of night driving 
  14. Extreme Driving Conditions This section will assist the student in learning how to safely operate under extreme conditions. a. Objectives In this section the student should understand the following: i. How to operate in adverse conditions including snow, ice, and cold temperatures ii. How to operate in hot weather iii. The challenges of mountain driving 
  15. Hazard Perception This section introduces the student to the nature of hazards and clues to recognizing these hazards. a. Objectives By the end of this section the student will be able to identify road conditions and other road users that are a potential safety threat. The student should know: i. The visible characteristics of road conditions that present an hazard to safe operation ii. The characteristics of other road users that make them a potential danger 
  16. Railroad Crossings This section discusses the dangers associated with highway rail grade crossings, the engineering controls in place to make crossing safer, the regulations requiring drivers to slow down and/or stop at rail crossing, and the safest methods available for crossing railroad tracks. a. Objectives The student should understand the variety of dangers that exist at highway-rail crossings, and should understand how to get across various highway-rail crossing in the safest manner possible. The student should: i. Understand the difference between active and passive warning systems ii. Be able to identify the various signs and technologies in the use at rail crossing, and their purpose iii. Know the regulations requiring vehicles to slow down and/or stop at rail crossings iv. Know the best, safest methods to use to cross railroad tracks v. Know what to do should problems arise at a railroad crossing 
  17. Emergency Maneuvers This section deals with the importance of methods for carrying out evasive steering, emergency stops, off road recoveries, and proper responses to brake failures and blowouts. a. Objectives At the end of this section, the student should be able to: i. Bring a truck to a stop in the shortest possible distance while maintaining control ii. Safely perform a quick, evasive turn iii. Safely make an evasive turn off of the roadway and back onto the roadway while maintaining control iv. Maintain control and bring the vehicle to a stop in the event of a brake failure or tire blowout The student should also understand: v. A vehicle can be turned more quickly than stopped vi. In an impending head-on collision, it is often safe to leave the roadway than to strike another vehicle vii. Procedures for quick stops and turns viii. Procedures for handling brake failure and blowouts 
  18. Skid Control and Recovery This section introduces the student to conditions that cause skids, the major type of skids, and the procedures for recovering from skids. a. Objectives At the end of this section, students should be able to: i. Maintain directional control while operating on a slippery surface ii. Bring a tractor-trailer to a stop in the shortest possible distance while maintaining directional control when operating on a slippery surface iii. Recover from skids caused by slippery conditions The student should also understand: iv. The role of skid control in preventing accidents v. Skid dynamics, including friction, wheel load and force vi. The causes of skidding vii. The characteristics of a tractor jackknife, trailer jackknife, front wheel skid and all wheel skid viii. Skid recovery procedures 
  19. Special Rigs This sections purpose is to introduce the student to the characteristics of special rigs. To show the students a wide variety of tractors and trailers on the trucking industry and the need for specialized training before operating them. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this section, students should: i. Be able to recognize the most frequently encountered special rigs ii. Know the function, operating characteristics, physical dimensions, special features, and hazards of special rigs iii. Know that special rigs require special qualifications and training 
  20. Preventive Maintenance This section acquaints the student with the importance of preventive maintenance and servicing to prevent breakdowns and accidents. a. Objectives Students should understand the following: i. Different kinds of preventive maintenance ii. The drivers role in preventive maintenance iii. Driver Vehicle Inspection Reports (DVIRs) 
  21. Diagnosing and Reporting Malfunctions This section introduces the student to the importance of diagnosing and reporting vehicle malfunctions as well as the student’s role in troubleshooting. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this section, the students should have an understanding of: i. The diagnosis and reporting of vehicle malfunctions ii. Troubleshooting iii. Procedures for reporting vehicle malfunctions 
  22. Handling Cargo In this section the student is introduced to the importance of properly handling cargo including proper and legal securement. Proper weight distribution and safe loading. This includes the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations on this topic as well as safe operating practices. a. Objectives At the end of this section, the student should have the basic understanding of: i. The importance of properly handling cargo ii. The principle and methods of cargo securement iii. The principle of weight distribution iv. Safe loading responsibilities v. Common tools used to load/unload a vehicle 
  23. Cargo Documentation This section introduces the student to the basics of freight documentation. a. Objectives Concluding this section, students will have the basic understanding of: i. The terms and definitions most commonly used in conjunction with cargo documentation ii. The basic forms used to document cargo movement iii. Pickup and delivery procedures 
  24. Hazardous Materials This section provides the student an overview of hazardous material basics, and what responsibilities are associated with hazardous material transportation. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this section, the student should understand the following: i. What is a hazardous Material ii. When a hazmat endorsement is needed iii. The different hazard classes, and divisions of hazardous material iv. Precautions and special steps that must be taken when loading and unloading hazardous materials v. Requirements pertaining to hazmat transportation 
  25.  Hours of Service This chapter teaches the student about hours of service regulations, including the operating within the legal limits and accurately completing a driver’s record of duty status. a. Objectives At the end of this section, a student should: i. Understand the hours of service requirements ii. Be able to accurately and legally complete a record of duty status iii. Understand the consequences for failure to comply 
  26. Trip Planning This section introduces students to techniques used to plan the most effective and efficient trip plan possible. This includes consideration of all aspects of the trip from having proper paperwork on hand, to planning an efficient and legal route of travel. a. Objectives At the end of this section, the student should be able to create a safe, legal, and efficient trip plan including the following: i. Up to date paperwork ii. Selection of appropriate route based on consideration of several factors iii. An accurate estimation of time iv. An accurate estimation of fuel use and fuel stops v. An accurate estimation of expenses 
  27. Accident Procedure This section introduces students to accident scene procedures as well as fire prevention a. Objectives A student should know: i. The basic responsibilities at the scene of an accident ii. How to evaluate an accident to determine preventability iii. How to prevent fires 
  28. Security of Cargo This section is meant to bring awareness of the student to the many security issues facing truck drivers today. Security is paramount to the safety and success of every driver and that they are the first line of defense when it comes to the security of the truck, the load, and themselves. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this topic, students should know and understand the following: i. Current terrorism concerns and their relationship to cargo security and theft ii. Personal security do’s and don’ts’s iii. Identifying suspicious activity and driver notification responsibilities at the dock and in transit 
  29.  Personal Health This section introduces the student to a variety of subjects that together make for an alert, health, and safe driver. a. Objectives At the conclusion of this topic, students should know and understand the following: i. Personal health and driving ii. The dangers of drivers fatigue iii. The effects of alcohol on the human body and federal regulations surrounding alcohol consumption iv. The effects of controlled substance on the human body and federal regulations surrounding the use of drugs v. The importance of safety in the work environment vi. The necessity of transportation security measures 
  30. Public and Employer Relations This section is intended to make students aware of the driver’s highly visible and important role in representing the trucking industry. a. Objectives Students should have a basic understanding of: i. The image of the trucking industry ii. Appropriate contact with the public iii. Good customer relations iv. Job requirements v. How to apply for a job 31. Basic Business Practices for Truck Drivers The purpose of this section is to introduce the student to the basic business concepts and ideas that are important for them to be successful in the transportation industry. a. Objectives At the end of this section, students should understand the following: i. Cost determination and control ii. Concepts of fuel management iii. Methods of growing revenue 

 

In this training each participant will get the knowledge about how to prepare the vehicle and what were  should  be  checked  before running the vehicle to ensure the vehicle is safe to operate. In addition given how well the steps are safe for driving maneuver on the highway

A comprehensive training program and was very helpful in reducing the potential risk of motor vehicle accidents, especially road transportation such as buses, trucks and others. With training methods derived from the training methods used by the operator defensive driving training from several countries and combined with the danger, the culture and mindset of the people of Indonesia.

CONTACT INFORMATION REGISTRATION

Ord Training Center  
Rasuna Office Park FO-04 Jl.HR. Rasuna Said Kuningan  Jakarta Selatan
Telp    : (021)-835-3685
Fax     : (021) 837-08359
Adha : 0856-9320-3212
Email : adha.ord@gmail.com

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